Here is the update Report for Emergency Relief Activities in Nepal from AMDA Nepal
The Great Earthquake Nepal, April 2015
Origin, Magnitude, Distribution and Impact
Nepal lies in a major earthquake beltt wher the India and Eurasia plates meet. The constant crashing of the two plates formed the Himalayan ranges and the region's last earthquake with high magnitude was in 1934.
The Earthquake occured at 11:56 A.M with its epicenter in Gorkha of Richter scale 7.6 - 7.9 on Saturday, April 25, 2015. Approximately, 110 aftershocks of more than 4 Richter scale were recorded between 11:56am on 25th April and 1:29am on 30th April. (Source:National Earthquake Center, Kathmandu.
The total number of districts with recorded deaths are 31 and the death toll as of May 1st, 2015 was 6,166 and injured was 13,232. The 31 districts with deaths are: Sindhupalchok, Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Gorkha, Dhading, Rasuwa, Kavre, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Dolakha, Makwanpur, Ramechhap, Solukhkhumbu, Okhaldhunga, Sindhuli, Sunsari, Chitwan, Bara, Parsa, Lamjung, Kaski, Morang, Bhojpur, Sarlahi, Dhanusa, Taplejung, Tanahun, Nawalparasi, Rukum, Rolpa, Rautahat.
The total household and total population of the above mentioned 31 districts were 2,878,319 (53.03% of total households of Nepal) and 13,652,804 (51.53% of total population of Nepal), respectively. World Heritage Sites (Kathmandu Durbar Square, Lalitpur Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Pashupatinath Temple, Changu Narayan Temple, Swayambhunath Stupa, Bouddhanath Stupa) and other national heritages such as Dharahara (Bhimsen Tower), several temples, stupas and historical monuments were damaged severely. Fear was rampant in the affected areas. Injuries, suffocation, shock, acute anxiety, phobia, acute posttraumatic stress disorders, gastroenteritis, acute respiratory infections were observed to the affected population.
We noted that in almost all temporary camp dwellings drinking water was deficient in an already water deficit Kathmandu. People went in search of drinking water but all shops were closed. Electricity supply was interrupted for various durations depending upon the locality. Telephones were functioning despite the nature of the earthquake. Government declared a state of emergency but no basic facilities were available in the ravaged area.
Rescue operations by several national and international agencies have been involved in the severed areas. Security agencies such as Armed Police Force (APF), Nepal Army (NA), Nepal Police and Radio Nepal have been performing exemplarily. Nepal government has released 1.3 billion Nepalese Rupees for immediate relief.
AMDA activities in Nepal
AMDA started its relief activities within 48 hours of earthquake in Nepal. AMDA Nepal mobilized all its resources. Several activities were conducted. AMDA Nepal got involved in medical and humanitarian rescue in Dhobidhara, Sakhu of Kathmandu (April 26), Gorkha (April 27), Sindhupalchok (April 29), Sankhu and Visinity of Kathmandu (April 28), Gongabu, Narayangopalchowk, Chuchepati of Kathmandu (April 30), Kalopati, Jhounkel, Changu, Byasi of Bhaktapur (May 1), Pashupatinath Temple area and Kirtipur of Kathmandu, Khokana and Lubu of Lalitpur (May 2) and Dharmasthali of Kathmandu (May 3).
AMDA Nepal doctors in various hospitals have been trying their best in respective hospitals. Considering the gravity and the magnitude of the situation, AMDA International President Dr. Suganami arrived in Kathmandu on May 1st with his team.
Exemplary work was conducted by AMDA Nepal along with CMDC in Changu Narayan area where very negligible support from government, NGOs/INGOs had reached. AMDA distributed oral rehydration solution (ORS), paracetamol tablets, antibiotic ointments, antacid, mineral water along with dry food. AMDA members sympathized as well as motivated the victims.
Immediate (0-4 weeks) needs are removal and cremation of the dead, treatment of the injured/victims, mass mobilization of medical support, alertness of fire brigade, security of victims/affected population, control of infectious diseases, preventive measures, mass awareness, prompt communication and transportation, distribution of rescue materials, safe management of air, water, toilet, crowd, shelter and fear. Mass communication of the incidence and prevention of rumors is equally important. Government security organizations, general people, international organizations are working hard to achieve the mentioned needs. Governmental organizations lacked rescue operations in several areas as per the need of the hour according to many people and media. Fast methodology instead of old bureaucracy is required for smooth rescue operation in this geographically diverse country.
Health and medical activities, treatment and prevention of psychological trauma, material supports were noted as short term needs (4 to 12 weeks). A long term planning, awareness and research is mandatory in the geologically disaster-prone area.
Since Nepal is located in an earthquake zone she should always remain alert. AMDA stands for emergency humanitarian support and has a long history of rescue activities. It started its activities from day two of The Great Earthquake Nepal, April 2015 through its dedicated members.
Prompt, integrated, coordinated and precise rescue operation was urgent to reduce mortality, morbidity, disability, stress disorder and material loss. We observed courageous helping individuals/ families rising to the needs of their countrymen. Immediate rescue services, financial support directly to the affected individuals, families and institutions in a transparent and sincere manner are recommended. Communication therapy helps to prevent undue stress in the public.
Art and culture is not sustainable long without proper utilization of science and technology neither can it uplift the living standard of people. Also, a need to distinguish residential, business, industrial zones were noted to prevent further damage in the future. Spending a lot of money in reconstructing lost monuments may invite further poverty in this scientifically poorly aware society.
Prompt rescue, scientific awareness, disaster preparedness, renovation, reconstruction, innovation and better life can be achieved by performing what one thinks and talks. Peace of mind, healthy body and environment are the tools to achieve these goals in this globally popular country.